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110 Ancient Tombs and Pottery Discovered in the Nile Delta, Between 5000 and 8,000 Years Old

Archaeologists in Egypt have unearthed 110 ancient tombs in the Nile Delta, containing the remains of adults and children dating from about 5,000 years ago.

The incredible finds were made in Dakahlia province north of Cairo. The fact could shed light on two important transition periods in ancient Egypt.

The image shows the archaeological site with 110 tombs in the Nile Delta, in this photograph from an archaeological mission operating in the Dakahlia Governorate archaeological area through the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, in Mansoura, Cairo (Reuters)

Egyptian archaeologists working in the Nile Delta have discovered dozens of rare predynastic tombs dating to the period before the rise of Egypt’s Pharaonic kingdoms more than 5,000 years ago. They also found nearby tombs from the later Hyksos period (1650 to 1500 BC), when West Asian immigrants took over the country, ending Egypt’s Middle Kingdom.

Finds in Dakahlia province – north of Cairo – could shed light on two important transitional periods in ancient Egypt, Egyptologists said. The tombs include 68 from the Buto period beginning around 3300 BC. and five from the Naqada III period, which was just before the rise of Egypt’s first dynasty around 3100 BC. C., according to a statement from the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.

A human skeleton in an oval tomb is shown in the Nile Delta
Egyptian archaeologists working in the Nile Delta have discovered dozens of rare predynastic tombs dating to the period before the rise of Egypt’s pharaonic kingdoms more than 5,000 years ago
A cultural relic unearthed from a tomb is displayed in the Nile Delta. Finds could serve to bridge different eras of Ancient Egyptian history

The incredible find also includes 37 tombs from the time of the Hyksos, who began migrating across the Sinai into Egypt around 1800 BC. c.

“This is an extremely interesting cemetery because it combines some of the earliest periods of Egyptian history with another important era, the Hyksos era,” said Salima Ikram, an Egyptologist at the American University in Cairo. “Egyptologists are working to understand how the Egyptians and the Hyksos lived together and to what extent the former adopted Egyptian traditions.”

Some of the tombs from the Naqada period contained cylindrical and pear-shaped vessels
The undated image shows the human skeleton in a recently unearthed tomb in the Nile Delta. The finds in Dakahlia province – north of Cairo – could shed light on two important transitional periods in ancient Egypt.
Cultural relics unearthed alongside skeleton found in ancient tomb in Nile Delta

The Buto graves were oval-shaped pits with the corpses placed inside in a squatting position, mainly on the left side with the head pointing west, the ministry statement said.

Some of the tombs from the Naqada period contained cylindrical and pear-shaped vessels.

Hyksos graves were mainly semi-rectangular with the corpses lying in an extended position and the head also facing west.

A vessel is found in Egypt. It would be around 5 thousand years old and would be prior to the time of the pharaohs
Buto tombs were oval-shaped pits with the corpses placed inside in a squatting position, mainly on the left side with the head pointing west, as the picture shows
“The mission also found a group of ovens, stoves, remains of mud brick foundations, ceramic vessels and amulets, especially scarabs, some of which were made of semi-precious stones and jewelry such as earrings,” says the statement from the Egyptian authorities.

“The mission also found a group of ovens, stoves, remains of adobe foundations, ceramic vessels and amulets, especially scarabs, some of which were made of semi-precious stones and jewelry such as earrings,” the statement said.

Archaeologists found remains of adults and children and ceramic objects in these tombs.

Archaeologists found remains of adults and children and ceramic objects in these tombs.

Egypt has publicized its archaeological finds in recent years in hopes of reviving the tourism sector, which is vital to its economy and has been battered by an insurrection in 2011 and more recently by the coronavirus pandemic.

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