This remarkable writing was discovered on a 4,000-year-old clay tablet by German-American researcher Hermann Hilprecht around the turn of the 20th century.
The most controversial A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ Sumerian document gives the names of eight A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ monarchs who fell from the sky and ruled for nearly two hundred thousand years. According to the narrative, a group of eight intelligent creatures controlled Mesopotamia for 241,200 years before the Great Flood.
The Sumerians were a sophisticated c̳i̳v̳i̳l̳i̳z̳a̳t̳i̳o̳n̳ that existed around 7,000 years ago between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Mesopotamia, which eventually became Babylonia and is now in Iraq and Syria. The parchment that detailed the list of Sumerian rulers and their periods of reign was the most remarkable relic unearthed from the A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ Sumerian site in Iraq.
This remarkable writing was discovered on a 4,000-year-old clay tablet by German-American researcher Hermann Hilprecht around the turn of the 20th century. At least 18 similar cuneiform tablets were discovered by Hilprecht (c. 2017-1794 BC). They were not identical, but they shared this information that is believed to have come from a single Sumerian source. More than a dozen copies of the Sumerian King List have been discovered in Babylonia, Susa, and Assyria, as well as in the Royal Library of Nineveh from the 7th century BC.
The Sumerian list includes the names of several generations of kings who ruled A̳n̳c̳i̳e̳n̳t̳ Mesopotamia, as well as the length and location of their reigns. The document also featured the events of the Great Flood, legends, tales of Gilgamesh, and stories of antediluvian monarchs in addition to the list.
Before the flood, the Sumerian list was as follows:
“The kingdom was in Eridug after it came down from heaven.” Alulim became king of Eridug and reigned for 28,800 years. For 36,000 years, Alaljar reigned. Two monarchs ruled for 64,800 years. The kingdom was then transferred to Bad-Tibia after the collapse of Eridug.
En-men-Luana ruled Bad-tibira for 43,200 years. For 28,800 years, En-men-gal-ana reigned. For 36,000 years, Dumuzid the shepherd reigned. Three kings ruled for a total of 108,000 years. Royalty was then transferred to Larag after the collapse of Bad-tibira.
En-sipad-did-ana reigned Larag for 28,800 years. There was only one monarch who ruled for 28,800 years. The royalty was then transferred to Zimbir once Larag collapsed. En-men-dur-ana became king of Zimbir and reigned for 21,000 years. There was only one monarch who ruled for 21,000 years. The royalty was then transferred to Shuruppag when Zimbir collapsed. Ubara-Tutu became king of Shuruppag and reigned for 18,600 years. There was only one monarch who ruled for 18600 years. They ruled for 241200 years with 5 cities and 8 kings. Then the tide came rushing in.”
How did the eight kings manage to rule the world for 241,200 years? There was much controversy over the prolonged reigns of early monarchs. Etana, Lugal-banda, and Gilgamesh were among the mythological and legendary individuals featured on the list, each reigning for an unlikely period of time. Some people thought they were gods with a longer lifespan than humans. A list of the regulations and their post-flood royalty is also included.
Many people have long thought that the story of 8 Sumerian rulers, their impossible monarchy, the Great Flood, and their restoration with another set of monarchs after the flood were simply interpretations of the legendary Sumerian myths. Simultaneously, several experts and authors have denied this notion, claiming that the list could not be a hoax. They began to recognize some of the names on the list of rulers.
Some researchers have found significant parallels between the Sumerian King List and the Book of Genesis. For example, the list covered the eight monarchs who ruled for generations before the flood, as well as the eight generations that took place between Adam and Noah before the Great Flood. Then, after the flood, life expectancy began to decline.
Historians are still baffled by the riddle of the Sumerian List because it contains some strange information about historical occurrences. What if the list is true and the heavenly gods really did live and rule for so long? What if they had the technology to prolong their lives and become immortal?